The ingredient is obtained from zooplankton, specifically the species Artemia salina. The main component of artemia extract is diguanosine tetraphosphate (GppppG). This is known as the source of energy for Artemia salina to develop the protective capacity against environmental stress. As a cosmetic ingredient, this extract can boost the generation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). In effect, artemia extract boosts the effects of other antiaging agents.