Erythritol is a four-carbon, naturally occurring sugar alcohol (polyol) that can be found in lichens, fungi, and algae. It has two times the sweetness of sucrose. It functions in cosmetics and personal care products as a humectant and moisturizing agent. It is produced as odorless, white crystals.
＊What is ERYTHRITOL used for?
Erythritol works as a humectant to maintain the water content of a cosmetic in its packaging and on the skin. It increases the moisture in skin and aids in maintaining its softness and smoothness. Additionally, it keeps the skin healthy. Erythritol can enhance mouthfeel and cover up some unpleasant aftertastes, like astringency and the irritant effect of strong sweeteners. It can be used as an excipient in the manufacture of personal care products like toothpaste, mouthwashes, creams and lotions, make-up, perfumes, or deodorants.
According to the EPA (European association of polyol producers), erythritol can be used as a base for toothpaste and mouthwash recipes due to its ability to act as a humectant, as well as its pleasant flavor, sweetness, and lack of cariogenic properties. It provides the necessary viscosity and humectancy for toothpastes.
Erythritol is manufactured using enzymatic hydrolysis of the starch from corn to generate glucose. Glucose is then fermented with yeast or another fungus to produce erythritol.
＊What does ERYTHRITOL do in a formulation?
＊Safety Profile of ERYTHRITOL
Erythritol has a score of 1 on the Environmental Working Group (EWG’s) skin-deep scale, indicating a low potential for cancer, allergies, immunotoxicity, developmental and reproductive toxicity, and use restrictions. Numerous studies and publications have been reviewed and support the safety of erythritol, including in vitro studies, in vivo animal studies, and clinical studies in humans.